Treatment Options for Goiters

The thyroid gland plays an important role in regulating metabolism, or how the body processes food into energy. When the thyroid is underactive or overactive, problems can develop that affect your overall health and wellness. Sometimes, an early sign of a problem is a goiter or an abnormally large thyroid gland. Your doctor may feel it during a routine check-up and order blood work to determine the cause.

If you’ve been diagnosed with a goiter, or if you think you have one, it’s important to figure out the cause. This is because your treatment plan is based on the reason you have a goiter in the first place. If you live in Manhattan, you can get world-class goiter care from Dr. Vandana Kumra of ENT New York. She’s an ear, nose, and throat specialist who diagnoses and treats thyroid issues in our Central Park West office.

Treatment options for goiters

Your goiter treatment plan really depends on the cause, how big it is, and your symptoms. 

Watch and wait

In the medical field, this is also called observation or surveillance. If the goiter is small and not bothering you, and if your thyroid is still working, it’s best to keep a watchful eye on it. Depending on your situation, you may be asked to come back in six or 12 months for a check-up.

Medicine

If your thyroid is underactive, you may be put on levothyroxine to manage your symptoms. 

If inflammation is causing the goiter, you may be prescribed a steroid.

If you have an overactive thyroid, other medication will be prescribed. 

If a lack of iodine in your diet has led to the goiter, you may be put on supplements and asked to add some iodized salt to your food. The thyroid gland uses iodine to create thyroid hormones, so when you don’t have enough iodine, it could lead to a problem.

Radioactive iodine therapy

If you have an overactive thyroid, you may need to take radioactive iodine pills to kill the offending thyroid cells.

Biopsy and surgery

Sometimes, Dr. Kumra may need a sample of thyroid tissue to see if there are any cancer cells present. If cancer is causing your goiter and thyroid malfunction, she may remove part or all of your thyroid gland. If thyroid cells are killed, or if the thyroid is removed, you’ll have to take thyroid medication to replace it. The medication will help keep your body running smoothly for the rest of your life.

If you haven’t been feeling well and you can see or feel your thyroid gland in your throat, make an appointment to see Dr. Kumra. Request an appointment online or call 646-859-6136 today.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Which Type of Sleep Apnea Do You Have?

There’s more than one type of sleep apnea, which means it’s essential to know which type of this sleep disorder you have in order to find the most effective treatment. Keep reading to learn more.

Common Allergens To Know About

Do you have a runny nose? How about itchy, watery eyes? These are just a few signs of allergies. Keep reading to see which allergens people often react to and what could be triggering your symptoms.

When Should You Have Your Adenoids Removed?

Do you have chronic ear infections? Are you struggling to sleep or breathe? These are just a few signs of an adenoid problem. Keep reading to learn more about these tiny glands and when they should get removed.

What Causes Chronic Ear Infections

Do you or someone you love wrestle with chronic or recurring ear infections? These types of infections can cause pain and discomfort and even put your hearing at risk. Keep reading to learn about this persistent ear problem.

Avoid Swimmer’s Ear This Summer

Are you spending more time in the water or struggling with the humidity this summer? It doesn’t have to leave you with a painful and itchy ear infection. Keep reading to learn how to beat the heat while avoiding this common problem.